Evening Bat distribution in North America


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:Angela E. England, Bat Conservation International, Inc.
Publication_Date:200305
Title:
Evening Bat distribution in North America
Edition:2003
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:vector digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:Reston, VA
Publisher:National Atlas of the United States
Online_Linkage: http://nationalatlas.gov/atlasftp.html?openChapters=chpbio#chpbio
Online_Linkage: http://www.batcon.org/home/default.asp
Description:
Abstract:
This map layer portrays our current understanding of the distributions of
United States and Canadian bat species during the past 100-150 years.

Specimen and capture data were obtained from a variety of data sources,
including U.S. State natural heritage programs, Canadian conservation data
centres, published literature, unpublished reports, museum collections,
and personal communications from university, federal, State and local
biologists.  Records are all specimen, roost, capture, or positive visual
identification-based; no acoustic-only identifications were used for this
map layer.  This map layer reflects minor changes to the July, 2002, data
set.
Purpose:
These data are intended for general prediction of possible presence of the species within a broad geographic area. Actual presence of the species can only be accurately known by actual field surveys conducted in a variety of seasons. No responsibility is assumed by Bat Conservation International or the National Atlas of the United States in the use of these data.
Supplemental_Information:
Due to confidentiality agreements to protect sensitive roosts, exact
localities may not be released, at the discretion of Bat Conservation
International data administrators.

Additional information about these maps may be found at
<http://www.batcon.org/>.

The distributed compressed file includes individual polygon files for 45
bat ranges, as well as a point file indicating the location of isolated
bat sightings.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date:1830
Ending_Date:200007
Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Status:
Progress:Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency:Irregular
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate:-103.298225
East_Bounding_Coordinate:-74.551903
North_Bounding_Coordinate:42.820984
South_Bounding_Coordinate:21.965069
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus:ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword:biota
Theme_Keyword:Nycticeius humeralis
Theme_Keyword:Evening Bat
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus:None
Theme_Keyword:Biology
Theme_Keyword:Zoology
Theme_Keyword:Mammals
Theme_Keyword:Bats
Theme_Keyword:Distribution
Theme_Keyword:Biogeography
Theme_Keyword:Zoogeography
Theme_Keyword:Ranges
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:None
Place_Keyword:North America
Place_Keyword:Mid-Atlantic
Access_Constraints:None
Use_Constraints:
Acknowledgement of Bat Conservation International is requested in products
derived from these data.  Acknowledgment of the National Atlas of the United
States of America would be appreciated in products derived from these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person:Angela England
Contact_Organization:Bat Conservation International
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:Mailing address
Address:
Bat Conservation International, Post Office Box 162603
City:Austin
State_or_Province:TX
Postal_Code:78716
Contact_Voice_Telephone:512-327-9721
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone:512-327-9724
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:aengland@batcon.org
Data_Set_Credit:
This map layer was developed and is maintained by BCI personnel, from
published literature and unpublished reports, with contributions from
federal, State, and local agencies and private individuals.  The
contributors should receive most of the credit for the many days and nights
in the field, and the many hours spent compiling records.  Following is a
list of the names of major publication authors and those who contributed
significantly to the locality database.  BCI thanks all contributors, but
especially the following observers, collectors, curators, and authors:

R.A. Adams, H.T. Arita, D.M. Armstrong, R.H. Baker, R.W. Barbour, R.M.R.
Barclay, T.L. Best, T.A. Bookhout, J.B. Bowles, P.V. Bradley, R.M. Brigham,
M. Bunch, W. Caire, L.N. Caraway, L.R. Chandler-Mozisek, B.R. Chapman, S.S.
Chapman, J.R. Choate, M.K. Clark, T.W. Clark, R.L. Clawson, B.C. Cochran,
E.L. Cockrum, B. Coffin, D.G. Constantine, J.A. Cook, B.G. Crump, N.
Czaplewski, W.W. Dahlquest,  W.H. Davis, A.F. DiSalvo, M.E. Douglas, J.W.
Dragoo, J.D. Druecker, P.B. Dunnigan, D.R. England, A.L. Everette, J.J.P.
Farney, M.B. Fenton, C. Fichtel, J.S. Findley, E.D. Fleharty, P.A. Frank, J.
Freeman, J.B. Funderburg, Jr., M.R. Gannon, D.L. Genter, B.P. Glass, F.B.
Golley, F.F. Graves, Jr., D.R. Griffin, E.R. Hall, A.H. Harris, J.A. Hart,
M.J. Hartley, M.J. Harvey, R.N. Hasenyager, E.B. Hazard, G.A. Heidt, P.
Hendricks, M.J. Herder, H.B. Hitchcock, D.F. Hoffmeister, G.L. Holroyd, P.
Horner, J.A. Howard, A.H. Howell, M.K. Hudson, S.R. Humphrey, H. Jackson,
J.G. Jackson, W.L. Jennings, C. Jones, J.K. Jones, Jr., A. Keeley, B.
Keeley, T. Keenan, R. Kellogg, M.L. Kennedy, G.L. Kirkland, W.M. Kiser, P.H.
Krutzch, A. Kurta, M.J. Lacki, M.L. LaVal, R.K. LaVal, B.E. Lawhead, J.D.
Lazell, Jr., D.S. Lee, C. Levesque, C.A. Long, G.H. Lowery, Jr., B. Luce,
J.R. MacGregor, R.W. Manning, M.A. Mares, R. Maxey, V.R. McDaniel, K.P.
McGuiness, L.M. Merk, H.G. Merriam, R.E. Mumford, B. Musgrove, D.W.
Nagorsen, H.N. Neuhauser,  D.I. Parker, H. Pawelczyk, J.M. Perkins, R.L.
Peterson, Y. Petryszyn, L. Pfannmuller, E.D. Pierson, R.M. Pitts, M.A.
Ports, J. Priday, W.R. Rainey, K.N. Randolph, D.W. Rice, M.C. Rowe, M.J.
Sarell, D.A. Saugey, J.J. Scharninghausen, D.J. Schmidly, J.A. Sealander,
R.G. Severson, M.S. Siders, H.C. Smith, D.W. Sparks, C. Stihler, M.R.
Stromberg, J.M. Szewczak, J. Taylor, R. Tumlison, R.W. Turner, J. Tyburec,
J.D. Tyler, C.A. Unger, C.G. van Zyll de Jong, R.L. Vaughn, B.J. Verts, J.O.
Whitaker, Jr., D.E. Wilson, D.J. Worthington, F.D. Yancey, II.

The following natural heritage programs and museums also contributed records
to the locality database:

Alabama Natural Heritage Program, Alaska Natural Heritage Program, Arkansas
Natural Heritage Commission, Arizona Heritage Data Management System,
Atlantic Canada Conservation Data Centre, California Department of Fish and
Game, California Natural Database, Colorado Natural Heritage Program,
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program, Florida Natural Areas
Inventory, Georgia Natural Heritage Program, Idaho Conservation Data Center,
Illinois Natural Heritage Division, Indiana Natural Heritage Data Center,
Kansas Natural Heritage Inventory, Louisiana Natural Heritage Program, Maine
Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife, Maine Natural Areas Program,
Manitoba Department of Natural Resources, Manitoba Museum of Man and Nature,
Massachusetts Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program, Michigan
Natural Features Inventory, Mississippi Natural Heritage Program, Missouri
Natural Heritage Database, Montana Natural Heritage Program, Navajo Natural
Heritage Program, Nevada Natural Heritage Program, New Hampshire Natural
Heritage Inventory, New Jersey Natural Heritage Program, New Mexico Natural
Heritage Program, New York Natural Heritage Program, North Carolina Natural
Heritage Program, North Dakota Natural Heritage Inventory, Ohio Natural
Heritage Data Base, Oklahoma Natural Heritage Inventory, Organ Pipe Cactus
National Monument Bat Monitoring Database, Peabody Museum of Natural
History, Pennsylvania Natural Diversity Inventory, Rhode Island Heritage
Program, South Carolina Heritage Trust, South Dakota Natural Heritage Data

Base, Sternberg Museum of Natural History, Tennessee Division of Natural
Heritage, Texas Biological and Conservation Data System, University of
Nebraska State Museum, Vermont Nongame and Natural Heritage Program,
Virginia Natural Heritage Program, Washington Natural Heritage Program,
Washington Wildlife Heritage Database, West Virginia Nongame Wildlife and
Natural Heritage Program, Wyoming Natural Diversity Database.
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.0.0.535
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:E. Raymond Hall
Publication_Date:1981
Title:
The Mammals of North America, Volumes I and II
Edition:Second
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:Map
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:New York, NY
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:Smithsonian Institution
Publication_Date:1993
Title:
Mammal Species of the World
Online_Linkage: <http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/>
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Literature sources, museum experts, and other contributors were relied
upon for identification of species.

Data are accurate to the best of originator's knowledge.  Data compilation
and checking were done manually; there is a possibility that some errors
remain.  Mexican data were collected to different standards, therefore the
distributions shown for Mexico are not as accurate as for the U.S. or
Canada.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
No tests for logical consistency were performed on these data.

The data used to create this file were collected over a 100-150 year period.
No attempt has been made to separate historical from current distributions.
A positive record does not necessarily imply current residence of the
species.  Records may represent either resident, migratory, or stray status.
Not all areas have been surveyed or reported on as completely as others, so
there remain gaps in the data used to compile the original occurrence file.
As more fieldwork is completed and reported upon by researchers in these
sparsely-known and sparsely-reported areas, future updates of this map layer
should improve in these areas.
Completeness_Report:
This map layer contains information on bat distribution for the 50 United
States, the District of Columbia, and the 13 Canadian provinces and
territories.  No data were collected on bats of Puerto Rico or the U.S.
Virgin Islands.  Species distributions within Mexico are shown only for
bats which also occur in the United States.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Due to the variety of sources used, there was varying accuracy in the
way bat records were reported.  Some of the reports were as latitude and
longitude, UTM, or public land survey system coordinates.  Some
locations were given as a number of miles in a direction from a nearby
town or landmark.  Others were reported as just a mountain, park, or
waterway.  Each location was digitized to the nearest hundredth of a
geographic degree as a single point based on the best description
provided.  If no specific location was reported more accurately than
county level, the point was digitized to the center of the county,
rounded to the nearest twentieth of a degree of longitude and latitude.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:Sources for these data are numerous. They include federal, State, local and university biologists; museums; heritage data centers; and published and unpublished reports.
Publication_Date:Unknown
Title:
Bat Location Source Data
Other_Citation_Details:
The sources for these data are too numerous to list here. However, detailed information on each bat record is available from Bat Conservation International at the address listed in the contact information.
Type_of_Source_Media:Varied
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date:1830
Ending_Date:200007
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Beginning of historical bat surveys and collecting, through cut-off date of data collection
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
MiscSources
Source_Contribution:
Original locality data which contributed to the creation of BatLoc.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date:1995
Title:
Geographic Names Information System
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:Reston, VA
Publisher:U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <http://geonames.usgs.gov/index.html>
Type_of_Source_Media:Online database
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date:Unknown
Ending_Date:1995
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
GNIS
Source_Contribution:
Database used to georeference place name locations in the United
States.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:Geographical Names Board of Canada
Publication_Date:1997
Title:
Canadian Geographical Names Data Base
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Publisher:Natural Resources Canada
Online_Linkage: <http://geonames.nrcan.gc.ca/index_e.php>
Type_of_Source_Media:Online database
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date:Unknown
Ending_Date:1997
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
CGNDB
Source_Contribution:
Database used to georeference place name locations in Canada.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:DeLorme
Publication_Date:Unknown
Title:
DeLorme Atlas and Gazetteers
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:Yarmouth, ME
Publisher:DeLorme
Online_Linkage: <http://www.delorme.com/atlasgaz/>
Type_of_Source_Media:Paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date:Unknown
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
DeLorme
Source_Contribution:
Maps used to georeference locations in the United States.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:Angela England, Bat Conservation International
Publication_Date:200006
Title:
Bat Distribution Location Database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:Austin, TX
Publisher:Bat Conservation International
Other_Citation_Details:
Due to the sensitivity of bat roosts to disturbance, actual locations of many of the data are considered confidential. BCI is unable to release actual locations to the public, so these files are not published in the usual sense of the word.
Type_of_Source_Media:Computer GIS database
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date:1830
Ending_Date:200007
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
BatLoc
Source_Contribution:
Database of point location files which were used to create BatRange.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:Robert G. Bailey
Publication_Date:1995
Title:
Bailey's Ecoregions of the United States
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:Washington, DC
Publisher:USDA Forest Service
Online_Linkage: <http://www.fs.fed.us/land/ecosysmgmt/ecoreg1_home.html>
Type_of_Source_Media:Electronic map
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date:Unknown
Ending_Date:1995
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
Ecoreg
Source_Contribution:
Electronic map of broad habitat types, used to understand where species
distribution lines might be corresponding with landscape
characteristics.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date:1994
Title:
Major Land Resource Area Boundaries
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:Washington, DC
Publisher:USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service
Online_Linkage: <http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/technical/land/meta/m2147.html>
Type_of_Source_Media:Electronic map
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date:Unknown
Ending_Date:1994
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
MLRA
Source_Contribution:
Electronic map of broad habitat types, used to understand where species
distribution lines might be corresponding with landscape
characteristics.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:Angela England, Bat Conservation International
Publication_Date:200006
Title:
Bat Distribution Range Files
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:Austin, TX
Publisher:Bat Conservation International
Type_of_Source_Media:GIS files
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date:200006
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
BatRange
Source_Contribution:
Spatial and attribute information.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:National Atlas of the United States
Publication_Date:Unpublished material
Title:
National Atlas United States Shoreline
Type_of_Source_Media:Internal digital file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date:2002
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
ATLAS-USShore
Source_Contribution:
Spatial information.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:National Atlas of the United States
Publication_Date:Unpublished material
Title:
National Atlas World Shoreline
Type_of_Source_Media:Internal digital file
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date:2002
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
ATLAS-WShore
Source_Contribution:
Spatial information.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:Angela E. England, Bat Conservation International, Inc.
Publication_Date:200207
Title:
North American Bat Ranges
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:Reston, VA
Publisher:National Atlas of the United States
Type_of_Source_Media:Online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date:1830
Ending_Date:200007
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
ATLAS-Bats02
Source_Contribution:
Spatial and attribute information.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Bat locality records were gathered from multiple sources, including U.S.
natural heritage programs, Canadian conservation data centres,
scientific literature publications, unpublished reports, museums, and
information provided by university, federal, State, and local
biologists.  Records are all specimen, roost, capture, or positive
visual identification-based; no acoustic-only identifications were used
for this edition of the original occurrence files.

Each locality record was assigned longitude and latitude values to the
nearest hundredth of a decimal degree.  Records which were not already
geocoded but which had place names were researched using the USGS
Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and the Canadian Geographic
Names Data Base (CGNDB) 1997.  Records located at various distances from
place names were visually geocoded using the DeLorme Atlas and
Gazetteer for the applicable State.  Records which could not be geocoded
with certainty were rounded to the nearest twentieth of a degree, as
long as the resulting rounding kept the plotted position within the
boundary of the originally reported county.  Records only as specific as
county-level were assigned a value corresponding to the center of the
county according to the GNIS, rounded to the nearest twentieth of a
degree.

Records were entered into MapInfo Professional version 6.5 GIS software.
Fields for each record included species, State, county, geographic
details, observations, longitude, latitude, date observed, source type,
and source.  Points were plotted and visually checked to ensure they
plotted in the correct county.  The resulting files were saved in the
BatLoc database.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
MiscSources
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
GNIS
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
CGNDB
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
DeLorme
Process_Date:200006
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation:
BatLoc
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person:Angela England
Contact_Organization:Bat Conservation International
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:Mailing
Address:
Post Office Box 162603
City:Austin
State_or_Province:TX
Postal_Code:78716
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:512-327-9721
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone:512-327-9724
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:aengland@batcon.org
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
For each species, BatLoc was buffered with a 15-mile radius around each
point locality, using the MapInfo software.  The buffered data were
overlaid on digital maps of Bailey's Ecoregions of the United States,
Major Land Resource Area (MLRA) boundaries, the United States, Canada,
and Mexico.  Records near possible edges of each species distribution
were scrutinized, and visually compared to MLRA and ecoregion
boundaries.  Previously published regional and species-authority maps
were consulted, and bat working group and colleague input was compared.
Records of single bats (non-colony, nonmultiple-captures) that were
greater than 75 miles distant from most other points were not included
in the main range polygon(s), and were indicated as separate points
within the range files.  Points were also used for records that were
considered questionable by local experts.  In certain regions where few
data are available, as well as for species which are not well known or
easily captured, colleague feedback was especially relied upon.  The
resulting maps were saved as BatRange.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
BatLoc
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
Ecoreg
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
MLRA
Process_Date:200006
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation:
BatRange
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person:Angela England
Contact_Organization:Bat Conservation International
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:Mailing
Address:
Post Office Box 162603
City:Austin
State_or_Province:TX
Postal_Code:78716
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:512-327-9721
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone:512-327-9724
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:aengland@batcon.org
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The BatRange files were modified to match the National Atlas shorelines,
and shapefiles were created.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
ATLAS-USShore
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
ATLAS-WShore
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
BatRange
Process_Date:200204
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation:
ATLAS-Bats02
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Extraneous attributes were removed from bat014p020.dbf (Lasiurus
cinereus - Hoary Bat) and bat044p020.dbf (Pipistrellus subflavus 
Eastern Pipistrelle).
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
ATLAS-Bats02
Process_Date:200305
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Metadata imported.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
C:\DOCUME~1\jfs126\LOCALS~1\Temp\xml6.tmp
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Metadata imported.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
E:\nationalatlas\bat_template.xml
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Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method:Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type:G-polygon
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count:1
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type:Entity point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count:202
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution:0.000000
Longitude_Resolution:0.000000
Geographic_Coordinate_Units:Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name:North American Datum of 1927
Ellipsoid_Name:Clarke 1866
Semi-major_Axis:6378206.400000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio:294.978698
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Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label:bat041p020
Entity_Type_Definition:
The area where a bat is found or has been found in the past 100-150 years (since data began being collected).
Entity_Type_Definition_Source:
Bat Conservation International
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Common_nam
Attribute_Definition:
The common name of the bat species.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name:Chiroptera. in Mammal Species of the World, 3rd Edition; by Simmons, N.B. (D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder, Eds.)
Codeset_Source:Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:FID
Attribute_Definition:
Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:AREA
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:URL1
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:PERIMETER
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:SPECIES
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Shape
Attribute_Definition:
The representation of the entity in the data.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:Polygon
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
2-dimensional element.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
ESRI GIS software
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Area
Attribute_Definition:
The size of the shape in coverage units.  In the distributed file,
coverage units represent square decimal degrees.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum:0.01700
Range_Domain_Maximum:1414.22800
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Perimeter
Attribute_Definition:
The perimeter of the shape in coverage units.  In the distributed
file, coverage units represent decimal degrees.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum:3.63700
Range_Domain_Maximum:1263.04700
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Species
Attribute_Definition:
The scientific name of the bat species.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name:Chiroptera. in Mammal Species of the World, 3rd Edition; by Simmons, N.B. (D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder, Eds.)
Codeset_Source:Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:COMMON_NAM
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:PG_NYCHUML
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Isolated or questionable bat sightings (described by batallx020.dbf).
Entity_Type_Definition:
Point locations for bat sightings that are outside the normal bat range.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Shape
Attribute_Definition:
The representation of the entity in the data.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:Point
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
0-dimensional element
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
ESRI GIS software
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Area
Attribute_Definition:
The size of the shape in coverage units.  In the distributed file,
coverage units represent square decimal degrees.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum:0.000
Range_Domain_Maximum:0.000
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Perimeter
Attribute_Definition:
The perimeter of the shape in coverage units.  In the distributed
file, coverage units represent decimal degrees.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum:0.000
Range_Domain_Maximum:0.000
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Batallx020
Attribute_Definition:
Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum:1
Range_Domain_Maximum:202
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Species
Attribute_Definition:
The scientific name of the bat species.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name:Chiroptera. in Mammal Species of the World, 3rd Edition; by Simmons, N.B. (D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder, Eds.)
Codeset_Source:Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Common_nam
Attribute_Definition:
The common name of the bat species.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name:Chiroptera. in Mammal Species of the World, 3rd Edition; by Simmons, N.B. (D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder, Eds.)
Codeset_Source:Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Url
Attribute_Definition:
The Uniform Resource Locator (URL) for the WWW page that contains
further information about the specific species.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
There is no official list of valid URLs.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:State
Attribute_Definition:
The two-character abbreviation for the name of the State in which the
sighting was located, or the two-character abbreviation for the Canadian
province in which the sighting was located.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:AB
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Alberta
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:BC
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
British Columbia
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:MB
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Manitoba
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:NF
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Newfoundland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:NS
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Nova Scotia
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:NT
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Northwest Territories
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:NU
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Nunavut
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:ON
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Ontario
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:QC
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Quebec
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:SK
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Saskatchewan
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name:Codes for the Identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the Outlying Areas of the United States, and Associated Areas; (Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 5-2): Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Codeset_Source:U.S. Department of Commerce
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:County
Attribute_Definition:
The name of the county or county equivalent.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:<blank>
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The sighting falls outside of the United States.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name:Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas; (Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 6-4): Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Codeset_Source:U.S. Department of Commerce
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Longitude
Attribute_Definition:
Angular distance between the plane of a meridian east or west from the
plane of the meridian of Greenwich.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Department of Commerce, 1992, Spatial Data Transfer Standard.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum:-147.350
Range_Domain_Maximum:-52.750
Attribute_Units_of_Measure:Decimal degrees
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Latitude
Attribute_Definition:
Angular distance measured on a meridian north or south from the equator.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Department of Commerce, 1992, Spatial Data Transfer Standard.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum:24.650
Range_Domain_Maximum:64.250
Attribute_Units_of_Measure:Decimal degrees
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:Fips
Attribute_Definition:
The 5-digit FIPS code of the county or county equivalent.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:<blank>
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The sighting falls outside of the United States.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name:Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas; (Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 6-4): Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Codeset_Source:U.S. Department of Commerce
Attribute:
Attribute_Label:State_fips
Attribute_Definition:
The 2-digit FIPS code of the State or State equivalent.
Attribute_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value:<blank>
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The sighting falls outside of the United States.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
National Atlas of the United States
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name:Codes for the Identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the Outlying Areas of the United States, and Associated Areas; (Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 5-2): Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Codeset_Source:U.S. Department of Commerce
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:Earth Science Information Center, U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:Mailing address
Address:
507 National Center
City:Reston
State_or_Province:VA
Postal_Code:20192
Contact_Voice_Telephone:1-888-ASK-USGS (1-888-275-8747)
Contact_Voice_Telephone:703-648-5920
Contact Instructions:
In addition to the address above there are other ESIC offices throughout
the country.  A full list of these offices is at
<http://ask.usgs.gov/esic_index.html>.
Resource_Description:Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at
the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the
U.S. Geological Survey regarding the utility of the data on any other
system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty.  No
responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of
these data.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name:ESRI Shapefile
Transfer_Size:0.639
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://nationalatlas.gov/atlasftp.html?openChapters=chpbio#chpbio>
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name:SDTS
Transfer_Size:0.639
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://nationalatlas.gov/atlasftp.html?openChapters=chpbio#chpbio>
Fees:There is no charge for map layer.
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:Penn State Institutes of Energy and the Environment
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing address
Address:
115 Land and Water building
City:University Park
State_or_Province:Pennsylvania
Postal_Code:16802
Country:United States
Contact_Voice_Telephone:(814) 865 - 8792
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:pasda@psu.edu
Resource_Description:downloadabledata
Distribution_Liability:
The USER shall indemnify, save harmless, and, if requested, defend those parties involved with the development and distribution of this data, their officers, agents, and employees from and against any suits, claims, or actions for injury, death, or property damage arising out of the use of or any defect in the FILES or any accompanying documentation. Those parties involved with the development and distribution excluded any and all implied warranties, including warranties or merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose and makes no warranty or representation, either express or implied, with respect to the FILES or accompanying documentation, including its quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose. The FILES and documentation are provided "as is" and the USER assumes the entire risk as to its quality and performance. Those parties involved with the development and distribution of this data will not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of the use or inability to use the FILES or any accompanying documentation.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:20071011
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person:Peg Rawson
Contact_Organization:National Atlas of the United States
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing address
Address:
12201 Sunrise Valley Dr
Address:
MS 561
City:Reston
State_or_Province:VA
Postal_Code:20192
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:703-648-4183
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:atlasmail@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name:FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version:FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention:local time
Metadata_Security_Information:
Metadata_Security_Classification_System:None
Metadata_Security_Classification:Unclassified
Metadata_Security_Handling_Description:
None
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/metadata/biometadata/ index_html>
Profile_Name:FGDC-STD-001.1-1999 Biological Data Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html
Profile_Name:ESRI Metadata Profile
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html
Profile_Name:ESRI Metadata Profile
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