USGS High Resolution State Orthoimagery for New Castle, Pennsylvania


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date:2010
Title:
USGS High Resolution State Orthoimagery for New Castle, Pennsylvania
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:remote-sensing image
Series_Information:
Series_Name:Urban Area Orthoimagery
Issue_Identification:0.1
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:Sioux Falls, SD
Publisher:U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
The data obtained through The National Map Seamless Server is considered to be the "best available" data from USGS. Historical data and other data may be obtained by contacting Customer Services, USGS Earth Resources Observation & Science Center, at 1-800-252-4547.
Online_Linkage: http://seamless.usgs.gov
Online_Linkage: http://www.pasda.psu.edu
Description:
Abstract:
"One foot GSD, natural color (RGB), 8-bit digital orthophotography for the City of New Castle, Pennsylvania. The imagery was collected using the Leica Geosystems ADS40 sensor between October 19th and November 2nd, 2009 at an average altitude of 9,600 feet above ground level. The National Elevation Dataset (NED) was used as vertical control. Airborne GPS/IMU data was used as horizontal control. The orthophotography is georeferenced to UTM Zone 17 North, meter units, NAD83, NAVD88. The imagery was produced by Pixxures, Inc. under contract for DigitalGlobe, Inc." An orthoimage is remotely sensed image data in which displacement of features in the image caused by terrain relief and sensor orientation have been mathematically removed. Orthoimagery combines the image characteristics of a photograph with the geometric qualities of a map. There is no image overlap between adjacent files. Data received at EROS as: Projection: NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_17N Resolution: 0.3 meter Type: Natural Color and chipped to the Standard Product as: Standard Product Projection: NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_17N Standard Product Resolution: 0.3000 m Rows: 5,000 Columns: 5,000.
Purpose:
A digital orthoimage is a geometrically accurate photographic record of landscape conditions at the time of the corresponding aerial photography. As such, High Resolution Orthoimagery is useful for a variety of applications, such as environmental monitoring, facility engineering/maintenance, city/county planning, property line review, etc. The digital orthoimage can be used alone or as a raster basemap for corresponding vector line mapping. The detailed focus of High Resolution Orthoimagery provides emergency responders critical information in determining the best evacuation routes, alternative routes and safe access to aid. High Resolution Orthoimagery assists law enforcement personnel in determining the best locations to place surveillance cameras in high-traffic urban areas and popular attractions. The data assists Federal, State and local emergency responders in planning for homeland security efforts. This data also supports The National Map.
Supplemental_Information:
The data obtained through The National Map Seamless Server is considered to be the "best available" data from USGS.  Historical data and other data may be obtained by contacting Customer Services, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center at 1-800-252-4547. Information in quotation marks, initial processing steps, accuracy reports, and source information is taken directly from the original metadata.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date:200910
Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Status:
Progress:Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency:Unknown
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate:-80.5433291978184
East_Bounding_Coordinate:-80.5254410185039
North_Bounding_Coordinate:40.8526463382788
South_Bounding_Coordinate:40.8390622459532
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus:None
Theme_Keyword:digital spatial data
Theme_Keyword:0.3 meter orthoimage
Theme_Keyword:rectified image
Theme_Keyword:orthophoto
Theme_Keyword:natural color orthophoto
Theme_Keyword:orthoimage
Theme_Keyword:image map
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus:ISO 19115 Category
Theme_Keyword:imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword:010
Theme_Keyword:geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword:008
Theme_Keyword:location
Theme_Keyword:013
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus:American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Theme_Keyword:National Standards for Spatial Digital Accuracy (NSSDA)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:U.S. Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, dependencies, areas of special sovereignty, and their principal administrative divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard 10-4,): Washington, D.C., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword:United States
Place_Keyword:U.S.
Place_Keyword:US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, D.C., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword:PA
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:Counties and County Equivalents of the States of the United States and the District of Columbia (FIPS Pub 6-3)
Place_Keyword:Mercer County
Place_Keyword:Butler County
Place_Keyword:Armstrong County
Place_Keyword:Lawrence County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword:New Castle
Place_Keyword:State of Pennsylvania
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position:Customer Services Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing and physical address
Address:
USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center
City:Sioux Falls
State_or_Province:SD
Postal_Code:57198-0001
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:605/594-6151
Contact_Voice_Telephone:1-800-252-4547
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone:605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:webmapping@usgs.gov
Hours_of_Service:0800 - 1600 CT, M - F (-6h CST/-5h CDT GMT)
Data_Set_Credit:
Acknowledgment of HJW Geospatial Inc. would be appreciated in any products derived from these data.
Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System:NGA
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.3.1.3000
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Radiometry is verified by visual inspection of the digital orthophoto.  Slight systematic radiometric differences may exist between adjacent orthoimage files; these are due primarily to differences in source image capture dates and sun angles along flight lines.  These differences can be observed in an image's general lightness or darkness when it is compared to adjacent orthoimage file coverages. Tonal balancing may be performed over a group of images during the mosaicking process which may serve to lighten or darken adjacent images for better color tone matching.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Logical consistency is implicit in the raster image data structure. Source imagery is cloud free.
Completeness_Report:
N/A
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
"90% of photo identifiable points are within 4 meters of true surveyed ground locations."
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
There is no vertical accuracy component to orthophotography.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
"Data processing of ADS40-SH51 imagery and metadata is a streamlined digital workflow process utilizing Pixxures, Inc.'s proprietary software and commercial softcopy photogrammetric software including Applanix, GPro, ORIMA, and Orthovista. The ADS40-SH51 sensor GPS/IMU position and attitude data is directly processed through three separate but continuous steps: Applanix POSPAC for data extracting, PosGPS for data analysis and POSProc for data measurement. The post-processed GPS data output is displayed onto the flight profile plot, which clearly shows the RMS values of the combined separation, C/A Code and Carrier Phase. The output GPS/IMU data is also verified by a PDOP plot and PDOP values are compared to an acceptable threshold range. The processing on ADS40-SH51 images is based on proprietary software for bundle adjustment. The image is linked to the local coordinate system through the initial GPS/IMU data with correct position and orientation. Orthorectified imagery is checked and radiometricly balanced in a parallel process that utilizes custom gradient correction software and the INPHO Orthovista Radiometrics editor. Once both processes have passed rigid AT and QC milestones, the imagery bands, red, green and blue are rectified to an RGB product. These orthos are passed to the mosaic team for QC, seam line placement and tiling using the interactive capabilities of Orthovista software. Following the application of seamline and final tonal adjustment, the orthoimagery is cut to a custom tiling index."
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person:Mike Scanlan
Contact_Organization:Pixxures, Inc.
Contact_Position:Project Lead
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing and physical address
Address:
15000 W 64th Avenue
City:Arvada
State_or_Province:CO
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:303-302-8643
Contact_Voice_Telephone:800-659-7947
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone:303-302-8601
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:mscanlan@pixxures.com
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
"Digitalglobe reviews the data, conducts Quality Assurance steps, reformats and archives data for retrieval of order fulfillment. The retrieved data is processed to the customer specifications for delivery."
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Organization:DigitalGlobe
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing and physical address
Address:
1601 Dry Creek Drive Suite 260
City:Longmont
State_or_Province:CO
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:800-496-1225
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone:800-684-4221
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:info@digitalglobe.com
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Data received at EROS as:
Projection:   NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_17N
Resolution:  0.3 meter
Type:  Natural Color
and chipped to the Standard Product as:
Standard Product Projection:  NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_17N
Standard Product Resolution:  0.3000 m
Rows:  5,000
Columns:  5,000
and resampled to align to the USNG using the USGS Seamless system.  The naming convention is based on the U.S. National Grid (USNG), taking the coordinates of the SW corner of the orthoimage.   The naming convention is based on the U.S. National Grid (USNG), taking the coordinates of the SW corner of the orthoimage.  Data were compressed utilizing IAS software.  The compression was JPEG2000 Lossy Compressed.  The file format created was .jp2.  The metadata were imported and updated for display through The National Map Seamless Server at <http://seamless.usgs.gov>    Chip-level metadata are provided in XML format.
Process_Date:201009
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position:Customer Service Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing and physical address
Address:
USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center
Address:
47914 252nd Street
City:Sioux Falls
State_or_Province:SD
Postal_Code:57198-0001
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:605-594-6151
Contact_Voice_Telephone:1-800-252-4547
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone:605-594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:webmapping@usgs.gov
Hours_of_Service:0800 - 1600 CT, M - F (-6h CST/-5h CDT GMT)
Contact Instructions:
The USGS point of contact is for questions relating only to the data display and download from this web site.  For questions regarding data content and quality, refer to original processor.
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Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method:Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type:Pixel
Row_Count:5000
Column_Count:5000
Vertical_Count:1
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name:Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number:17
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian:0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian:-81.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin:0.000000
False_Easting:500000.000000
False_Northing:0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method:row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution:0.300000
Ordinate_Resolution:0.300000
Planar_Distance_Units:meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name:North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name:Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis:6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio:298.257222
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Altitude_System_Definition:
Altitude_Datum_Name:North American Vertical Datum of 1988
Altitude_Resolution:1.000000
Altitude_Distance_Units:meters
Altitude_Encoding_Method:Explicit elevation coordinate included with horizontal coordinates
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Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Natural color orthoimagery is organized in three color bands or channels which represent the red, green, and blue portions of the spectrum.  Each image pixel is assigned a triplet of numeric values, one for each color band.  Numeric values range from 0 to 255. Areas where data is incomplete due to lack of full image coverage are represented with the numeric value of 0.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 1999, Standards for Digital Orthoimagery: Reston, VA
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position:Customer Services Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing and physical address
Address:
Earth Resources Observation and Science Center
City:Sioux Falls
State_or_Province:SD
Postal_Code:57198-0001
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:605/594-6151
Contact_Voice_Telephone:1-800-252-4547
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone:605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:webmapping@usgs.gov
Contact Instructions:
The USGS point of contact is for questions relating only to the data display and download from this web site. For questions regarding data content and quality, refer to the original processor: Devin Kelley, Project Director HJW Geospatial Inc. 2001 Broadway Third Floor Oakland, CA 94612 Phone: 510-834-2001 ext. 124 Fax: 510-034-2101 email: kelley@hjw.com
Distribution_Liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the USGS, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the USGS regarding the use of the data on any other system, nor does the act of distribution constitute any such warranty.  Data may have been compiled from various outside sources.  Spatial information may not meet National Map Accuracy Standards.  This information may be updated without notification. The USGS shall not be liable for any activity involving these data, installation, fitness of the data for a particular purpose, its use, or analyses results.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name:TIFF
Format_Version_Number:ArcGIS 9.3
Format_Specification:
Raster
Transfer_Size:0.001
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: http://seamless.usgs.gov
Access_Instructions:
The URL <http://seamless.usgs.gov> provides a map interface that allows for data downloads within a customer defined area of interest. Zoom tools are available that can be used to investigate areas of interest on the map interface. The download tool allows the customer to capture layers from the map, utilizing The National Map Seamless Server process for downloading. A request summary page is then generated with the download layers listed. By clicking the "download" button on the summary page, a zipped file will be generated that can be saved on the customer's computer. The file can then be unzipped and imported into various user software applications.
Online_Computer_and_Operating_System:
Not available for dissemination
Fees:None
Turnaround:Variable
Technical_Prerequisites:
ESRI ArcGIS Suite and/or Arc/Info or other compatible software, and supporting operating systems.
Available_Time_Period:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date:2010
Ending_Date:unknown
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Organization:Pennsylvania Spatial Data Access (PASDA)
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing and physical address
Address:
115 Land and Water building
City:University Park
State_or_Province:Pennsylvania
Postal_Code:16802
Country:United States
Contact_Voice_Telephone:(814) 865 - 8792
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:pasda@psu.edu
Distribution_Liability:
The USER shall indemnify, save harmless, and, if requested, defend those parties involved with the development and distribution of this data, their officers, agents, and employees from and against any suits, claims, or actions for injury, death, or property damage arising out of the use of or any defect in the FILES or any accompanying documentation. Those parties involved with the development and distribution excluded any and all implied warranties, including warranties or merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose and makes no warranty or representation, either express or implied, with respect to the FILES or accompanying documentation, including its quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose. The FILES and documentation are provided "as is" and the USER assumes the entire risk as to its quality and performance. Those parties involved with the development and distribution of this data will not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of the use or inability to use the FILES or any accompanying documentation.
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:2011
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position:Customer Services Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing and physical address
Address:
USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center
City:Sioux Falls
State_or_Province:SD
Postal_Code:57198-0001
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:605/594-6151
Contact_Voice_Telephone:1-800-252-4547
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone:605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:webmapping@usgs.gov
Contact Instructions:
The above is the contact information for the Earth Resources Observation and Science Center in Sioux Falls, SD.  This is the digital data storage and distribution center for the USGS.
Metadata_Standard_Name:FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version:FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention:local time
Metadata_Access_Constraints:None
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
None
Metadata_Security_Information:
Metadata_Security_Classification_System:None
Metadata_Security_Classification:Unclassified
Metadata_Security_Handling_Description:
None
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html
Profile_Name:ESRI Metadata Profile
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